How to Half Double Crochet (HDC)

Crocheting is a relaxing and rewarding hobby that has been around for centuries. It involves creating beautiful patterns and designs using a hook and yarn. If you are new to crocheting, the half double crochet (HDC) is a great stitch to start with. It is easy to learn and can be used to create a variety of projects such as blankets, scarves, and hats. In this article, we will show you how to half double crochet step-by-step.

What is Half Double Crochet?

The half double crochet (HDC) is a basic crochet stitch that is taller than a single crochet but shorter than a double crochet. It is also known as the half triple crochet in some countries. The HDC creates a dense and sturdy fabric, making it perfect for projects like blankets, scarves, and hats.

Materials Needed Half Double Crochet (HDC)

To get started with half double crochet, you will need:

  • Yarn
  • Crochet hook
  • Scissors

How to Hold the Yarn

Before you start crocheting, you need to know how to hold the yarn. There are different ways to hold the yarn, but the most common method is to wrap it around your fingers. Here’s how:

  1. Hold the end of the yarn between your thumb and index finger.
  2. Wrap the yarn over your index finger and under your middle finger.
  3. Bring the yarn over your ring finger and under your pinky finger.
  4. Hold the yarn between your pinky and ring fingers.

How to Make a Foundation Chain

The foundation chain is the first row of stitches that you will make. To make a foundation chain, follow these steps:

  1. Make a slipknot by creating a loop with the yarn and pulling the end through.
  2. Insert the crochet hook through the loop and tighten.
  3. Hold the hook in your right hand and the yarn in your left hand.
  4. Create a chain by yarning over and pulling the yarn through the loop on the hook.
  5. Repeat step 4 until you have the desired number of stitches.

How to Half Double Crochet (Step-by-Step)

Now that you have your foundation chain, you are ready to half double crochet. Follow these steps:

Step 1: Yarn Over

Yarn over (YO) by bringing the yarn over the hook from back to front.

Step 2: Insert the Hook

Insert the hook into the third chain from the hook.

Step 3: Yarn Over

Yarn over again.

Step 4: Pull Through

Pull the yarn through the chain stitch.

Step 5: Yarn Over

Yarn over again.

Step 6: Pull Through All Three Loops

Pull the yarn through all three loops on the hook.

Congratulations! You have just completed your first half double crochet stitch. Repeat steps 1 to 6 to create more HDC stitches.

Tips for Perfecting the Half Double Crochet

Here are some tips to help you perfect your half double crochet technique:

  • Keep your tension consistent. The stitches should be neither too tight nor too loose.
  • Check your stitch count frequently. Counting your stitches will ensure that your project stays the same width.
  • Practice makes perfect. Don’t get discouraged if your stitches don’t look perfect at first. Keep practicing and you will improve.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Here are some common mistakes to avoid when half double crocheting:

  • Not yarning over enough. Make sure to yarn over the hook completely to avoid creating tight stitches.
  • Inserting the hook into the wrong stitch. Be sure to insert the hook into the correct stitch or your pattern may be off.
  • Forgetting to count your stitches. Counting your stitches will ensure that your project stays on track.

How to Half Double Crochet in the Round

Half double crochet can be used to create projects in the round, such as hats and coasters. To half double crochet in the round, follow these steps:

  1. Make a slipknot and create a foundation chain of the desired length.
  2. Slip stitch to the first chain to join the round.
  3. Chain two and make one HDC into the same stitch as the chain.
  4. Make two HDCs into each stitch around.
  5. Slip stitch to the first HDC to join the round.

Repeat steps 3 to 5 to continue working in the round.


Half double crochet is a versatile stitch that is easy to learn and perfect for beginners. With a little practice, you can use this stitch to create a variety of projects. Remember to keep your tension consistent, count your stitches, and practice regularly. Happy crocheting!


  1. What is the difference between half double crochet and double crochet?
  • Half double crochet is shorter than double crochet and creates a denser fabric.
  1. Can I use half double crochet for amigurumi projects?
  • Yes, half double crochet can be used for amigurumi projects.
  1. What size hook should I use for half double crochet?
  • The hook size will depend on the yarn weight and the project you are making. Refer to the yarn label for recommended hook sizes.
  1. How do I weave in the ends when I finish my project?
  • Cut the yarn and thread it onto a yarn needle. Weave the needle through the stitches on the back of your work to hide the end.
  1. Can I use half double crochet to make a blanket?
  • Yes, half double crochet can be used to make a blanket. It will create a dense and sturdy fabric.


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